Canada An American Nation

[1] Beer, George Louis, The English-Speaking Peoples, Their Future Relations and Joint International Obligations; New York, 1917, p. 190.

[2] Daniel Webster, speech May 7, 1834.

[3] A Study of this conference has been published: British Commonwealth Relations Conference, ed. by A. J. Toynbee, London, Humphrey Milford, 1934.

[4] For an interesting comment on the international aspects of the Conference discussions see The Drift Towards War in the Yale Review, 1934, by Philip Noel Baker, a member of the Conference.

[5] Journal of the Royal Institute of International Affairs, London, Nov. 1930.

[6] Dr. Alfred Zimmern chose the title The Third British Empire for his book embodying a series of lectures delivered at Columbia University under the auspices of the Julius Beer Foundation (New York, 1926).

[7] Kennedy, W. P. M., Documents of the Canadian Constitution, 1759-1915, Toronto, 1918.

[8] Idem., p. 191.

[9] Martin, Chester, Empire & Commonwealth; Studies in Governance and Self-Government in Canada, Oxford, The Clarendon Press, 1929, pp. 68-69.

[10] The full text of article four is given in The American Revolution: A Constitutional Interpretation, by C. H. McIlwain, New York, 1923, p. 115.

[11] The Writings of James Madison, ed. by Gaillard Hunt, New York, Putnam, 1910, VI, 373. Also Robt. L. Schuyler, Parliament and the British Empire, New York, Columbia University Press, 1929, pp. 196-97.

[12] Imperial Conference. 1926. Summary of Proceedings. Cmd. 2768, p. 14. Kennedy’s Documents of the Canadian Constitution, p. 703.

[13] Quoted in McIlwain’s American Revolution, p. 123.

[14] Munro, W. B., American Influences on Canadian Government, Toronto, 1929, p. 48.

[15] Egerton, H. E., The Origin & Growth of the English Colonies and of Their System of Government; An Introduction to Mr. C. P. Lucas’s Historical Geography of the British Colonies, Oxford, The Clarendon Press, 1903, p. 16.

[16] Kennedy’s Documents of the Canadian Constitution, 2d. ed., pp. 199 ff.

[17] The Correspondence of Lieut. Governor John Graves Simcoe, with Allied Documents Relating to His Administration of the Government of Upper Canada. Collected and edited by Brigadier General E. A. Cruikshank … for the Historical Society. Ontario, 1923-31, pp. 17-18. Hereafter referred to as the Simcoe Papers.

[18] Simcoe to Portland, Jan. 22, 1795, Simcoe Papers, p. 265.

[19] Russell to Thomson, Oct. 16, 1839, Kennedy’s Documents of the Canadian Constitution, p. 423.

[20] The text of the constitutional declaration adopted by the Imperial War Cabinet, 1917, at the instance of Sir Robert Borden, Prime Minister of Canada, will be found in Kennedy’s Documents of the Canadian Constitution, p. 698. It declared that the impending readjustment of the constitutional relations of the component parts of the Empire “should be based upon a full recognition of the Dominions as autonomous nations of an Imperial Commonwealth.” See also Zimmern, The Third British Empire, p. 28.

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