Voyages From Montreal Through The Continent Of North America To The Frozen And Pacific Oceans In 1789 And 1793 With An Account Of The Rise And State Of The Fur Trade

Table of Contents.


Embarked at Fort Chepewyan, on the Lake of the
Hills, in company with M. Le Roux. Account
of the party, provisions, etc. Direction of the
course. Enter one of the branches of the Lake.
Arrive in the Peace River. Appearance of the
land. Navigation of the river. Arrive at the
mouth of the Dog River. Successive description
of several carrying places. A canoe lost in one of
the Falls. Encamp on Point de Roche. Course
continued. Set the nets, etc. Arrive at the Slave
Lake. The weather extremely cold. Banks of
the river described, with its trees, soil, etc.
Account of the animal productions, and the fishery
of the Lake. Obliged to wait till the moving of
the ice. Three families of Indians arrive from
Athabasca, Beavers, geese, and swans killed.
The nets endangered by ice. Re-embark and land
on a small island. Course continued along the
shores, and across the bays of the Lake. Various
successes of the hunters. Steer for an island where
there was plenty of cranberries and small onions.
Kill several reindeer. Land on an island named
Isle a la Cache. Clouds of mosquitoes.


Landed at some lodges of Red-Knife Indians: procure
one of them to assist in navigating the bays
Conference with the Indians. Take leave of M.
Le Roux, and continue the voyage. Different
appearances of the land; its vegetable produce.
Visit an island where the wood had been felled.
Further description of the coast. Plenty of rein
and moose-deer, and white partridges. Enter a
very deep bay. Interrupted by ice. Very blowing
weather, Continue to cross the bay. Arrive
at the mouth of a river. Great numbers of fish
and wild-fowl. Description of the land on either
side. Curious appearance of woods that had been
burned. Came in sight of the Horn Mountain.
Continue to kill geese and swans, etc. Violent


Continued our course. The river narrows. Lost
the lead. Passed a small river. Violent rain.
Land on a small island. Expect to arrive at the
rapid. Conceal two bags of pemmican in an island.
A view of mountains. Pass several encampments
of the natives. Arrive among the islands.
Ascend a high hill. Violence of the current.
Ice seen along the banks of the river.
Land at village of the natives. Their conduct
and appearance. Their fabulous stories. The
English chief and Indians discontented. Obtain
a new guide. Singular customs of the natives.
An account of their dances. Description of their
persons, dress, ornaments, buildings, arms for war
and hunting, canoes, etc. Passed on among islands.
Encamped beneath a hill, and prevented
from ascending by the mosquitoes. Landed at an
encampment. Conduct of the inhabitants. They
abound in fabulous accounts of dangers. Land
at other encampments. Procure plenty of hares
and partridges. Our guide anxious to return.
Land and alarm the natives, called the Hare Indians,
etc. Exchange our guide. State of the weather.


The new guide makes his escape. Compel another
to supply his place. Land at an encampment of
another tribe of Indians. Account of their manners,
dress, weapons, etc. Traffic with them.
Description of a beautiful fish. Engage another
guide. His curious behaviour. Kill a fox and
ground-hog. Land at an encampment of a tribe
called the Deguthee Denees, or Quarrellers. Saw
flax growing wild. The varying character of the
river and its banks. Distant mountains. Perplexity
from the numerous channels of the river.
Determined to proceed. Land where there had
been an encampment of the Esquimaux. Saw
large flocks of wild-fowl. View of the sun at
midnight. Description of a place lately deserted
by the Indians. Houses of the natives described.
Frequent showers. Saw a black fox. The discontents
of our hunters renewed, and pacified.
Face of the country. Land at a spot lately inhabited.
Peculiar circumstances of it. Arrive at the
entrance of the lake. Proceed to an island. Some
account of it.


The baggage removed from the rising of the water.
One of the nets driven away by the wind and
current. Whales are seen. Go in pursuit of them,
but prevented from continuing it by the
fog. Proceed to take a view of the ice. Canoe
in danger from the swell. Examine the islands.
Describe one of them. Erect a post to perpetuate
our visit there. The rising of the water appears
to be the tide. Successful fishing. Uncertain
weather. Sail among the islands. Proceed to a
river. Temperature of the air improves. Land
on a small island, which is a place of sepulture.
Description of it. See a great number of wild fowl.
Fine view of the river from the high land.
The hunters kill reindeer. Cranberries, etc., found
in great plenty. The appearance and state of the
country. Our guide deserts. Large flight of
geese; kill many of them. Violent rain. Return
up the river. Leave the channels for the main
stream. Obliged to tow the canoe. Land among
the natives. Circumstances concerning them.
Their account of the Esquimaux Indians.
Accompany the natives to their huts. Account
of our provisions.


Employ the towing line. Description of a place
where the Indians come to collect flint. Their
shyness and suspicions. Current lessons. Appearance
of the country. Abundance of hares.
Violent storm. Land near three lodges. Alarm
of the Indians. Supply of fish from them. Their
fabulous accounts. Continue to see Indian lodges.
Treatment of a disease. Misunderstanding with
the natives. The interpreter harangues them.
Their accounts similar to those we have already
received. Their curious conduct. Purchase some
beaver skins. Shoot one of their dogs. The
consequence of that act. Apprehensions of the women.
Large quantities of liquorice. Swallows’ nests
seen in the precipices. Fall in with a party of the
natives killing geese. Circumstances concerning
them. Hurricane. Variation of the weather.
Kill great numbers of geese. Abundance of several
kinds of berries. State of the river and its


Voyage continued. Suspect the integrity of the
interpreter. Stars visible. Springs of mineral
water, and lumps of iron ore. Arrive at the river
of the Bear Lake. Coal mine in a state of combustion.
Water of the river diminished, Continue
to see Indian encampments, and kill geese,
etc. Hunting excursions. A canoe found on the
edge of the wood. Attempt to ascend a mountain.
Account of the passage to it. See a few of
the natives. Kill a beaver and some hares. Design
of the English chief. Kill a wolf. Changeable
state of the weather. Recover the pemmican,
which had been hidden in an island. Natives fly
at our approach. Meet with dogs. Altercation
with the English chief. Account of the articles
left by the fugitives. Shoals of the river covered
with saline matter. Encamp at the mouth of the
river of the mountain. The ground on fire on
each side of it. Continue to see encampments of
the natives. Various kinds of berries. Kill geese,
swans, etc., etc., etc. Corroding quality of the
water. Weather changeable. Reach the entrance
of the Slave Lake. Dangers encountered on entering
it. Caught pike and trout. Met M. Le Roux
on the lake. Further circumstances till our
return to Fort Chepewyan. Conclusion of the voyage.


Leave Fort Chepewyan. Proceed to the Peace
River. State of the Lakes. Arrive at Peace
Point. The reason assigned for its name. The
weather cold. Arrive at the Falls. Description
of the country. Land at the Fort, called The Old
Establishment. The principal building destroyed
by fire. Course of the river. Arrive at another
fort. Some account of the natives. Depart from
thence. Course of the river continued, It divides
into two branches. Proceed along the principal
one. Land at the place of our winter’s residence.
Account of its circumstances and inhabitants, etc.
Preparations for erecting a fort, etc., etc. Table
of the weather. Broke the thermometer. Frost
sets in. Description of birds.